The ACB has the pleasure of sharing with you a short 5-minute video of the Southern African seed law and seed sovereignty dialogue, Face to Face: African CSOs confront ARIPO, SADC over Draconian Harmonised Seed Laws, co-hosted by the ACB in partnership with PELUM-Zimbabwe, which took place in Harare, Zimbabwe, 28-30th June 2017.
At this event, Civil Society Organisations (CSOs) from across Southern Africa, including Angola, Uganda, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Swaziland, Tanzania, South Africa, Zambia, and Zimbabwe, met with officials from SADC, ARIPO, and country authorities, to discuss the current wave of developments and reforms being made to seed law and policy in the region, and the impact this will have on small-scale farmers, and agricultural biodiversity. These harmonised laws, including SADC’s Technical Agreements on Harmonisation of Seed Regulations, and COMESA’s Harmonised Seed Trade Regulations, addressing the production, cultivation and trade in seed, as well as ARIPO’s Arusha Protocol, outlining the intellectual property over new plant varieties (known as plant breeders’ rights or plant variety protection) are then domesticated at national level, to stimulate the formal seed sector, and regional trade in seed. Knowingly, despite that farmer managed seed systems (FMSS) are the central source of seed in the region, developing and maintaining locally-adapted varieties, laws being introduced focus solely on the formal seed sector, and consequently undermine and potentially criminalise FMSS, by limiting farmers’ rights to freely save, reuse, exchange, and sell farm-saved seed. You will see in the video that CSOs, and Officials met face to face with each other, as well as with farmers from across the country at Fambidzinai Permaculture Centre. Farmers were able to engage directly with the Zimbabwean seed authorities, and the national gene bank, share their experiences, and the implications these laws have on their lives and practices. These seed custodians displayed their varieties, resembling jewels, and brought the real issues to light, that farmer-managed seed systems need to be acknowledged, strengthened and protected.